ALI (or Eli) BEN ZECHARIAH


ALI (or Eli) BEN ZECHARIAH
ALI (or Eli) BEN ZECHARIAH (13th century), gaon and head of the Pumbedita academy. Ali was born in the town of Erbil (now Iraq), and lived in Baghdad. From Arab sources it appears that while daniel b. samuel ha-Kohen ibn Abi-Rabīa was the gaon of the academy, Ali made a claim for the post. The dispute came before the vizier, who in 1250 decided in favor of Ali and appointed him gaon (chief judge, as the office is designated in Arab sources). The poet eleazar b. jacob ha-bavli composed a poem in Ali's honor. Although Baghdad was captured by the Mongols in 1258, during Ali's gaonate, the office continued to exist. Of Ali's sons, two are known: Zechariah, who was deputy head of the academy, and Isaac, referred to as "prince." -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Mann, Texts, 1 (1931), 225–7, 299, 301–2; Fischel, Islam, 131–3; idem, in: MGWJ, 79 (1935), 315–8; A. Ben-Jacob, Yehudei Bavel (1965), 33–34; Eleazar b. Jacob ha-Bavli, Divan, ed. by H. Brody (1935), nos. 55, 182, 221; S. Poznański, Babylonische Geonim im nachgaonischen Zeitalter (1914), 49–52. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Gil, Be-Malkhut Ishmael, 1 (1997), 463–64, 511. (Abraham David)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GAON — (pl. Geonim), formal title of the heads of the academies of Sura and Pumbedita in Babylonia. The geonim were recognized by the Jews as the highest authority of instruction from the end of the sixth century or somewhat later to the middle of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • IRBIL — (or Erbil; formerly Arbil), one of the four important towns of Assyria and now situated in Iraq to the E. of mosul , in the fertile plain between the Great Zab and the Small Zab. A Jewish community existed in Irbil continuously from the end of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • biblical literature — Introduction       four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha.       The Old… …   Universalium

  • BIBLE — THE CANON, TEXT, AND EDITIONS canon general titles the canon the significance of the canon the process of canonization contents and titles of the books the tripartite canon …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Elijah — This article is about the prophet in the Hebrew Bible. For other uses, see Elijah (disambiguation). Prophet Elijah Elijah reviving the Son of the Widow of Zarephath by Louis Hersent Prophet, Apostle to Ah …   Wikipedia

  • Yemenite Jews — Infobox Ethnic group group = Yemenite Jews population = c.400,000 region1 = flagcountry|Israel pop1 = 360,000 + region2 = flagcountry|USA pop2 = c. 30,000 + region3 = flagcountry|Yemen pop3 = 260 languages = Hebrew, Arabic, Yemenite Hebrew… …   Wikipedia

  • Judaism — /jooh dee iz euhm, day , deuh /, n. 1. the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the… …   Universalium

  • Hosea — For the prophetic book, see Book of Hosea. See also Hoshea, who has the same name in Biblical Hebrew. Russian icon of the prophet Hosea, 18th century (Iconostasis of Transfiguration Church, Kizhi monastery, Karelia, Russia …   Wikipedia

  • Daniel — This article is about the Biblical figure called Daniel. For other uses, see Daniel (disambiguation). Saint Daniel Daniel s Answer to the King by Briton Rivière Prophet Born …   Wikipedia

  • Jerusalem — Jerusalemite, adj., n. /ji rooh seuh leuhm, zeuh /, n. a city in and the capital of Israel: an ancient holy city and a center of pilgrimage for Jews, Christians, and Muslims; divided between Israel and Jordan 1948 67; Jordanian sector annexed by… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.